最近看了一偏AFP Journal(家庭醫學期刊),裡面提到不建議醫生開codeine 和dextromethorphan-containing cough  和感冒藥給小孩服用

codeine在台灣比較常見是在止咳藥水

建議給一歲以上的小孩喝蜂蜜舒緩咳嗽

原文如下:

Is honey an effective treatment for cough in children compared with dextromethorphan or no treatment?

Andrea: Based on a Cochrane review, we know that there are no over-the-counter (OTC) preparations that are effective for decreasing cough in children with acute cough.1 The American Academy of Pediatrics recommends against the use of codeine- or dextromethorphan-containing cough and cold medication in children,2 and the U.S. Food and Drug Administration recently opened an investigation regarding the effectiveness of children's OTC cough and cold medication because of lack of evidence of effectiveness, as well as an increased risk of adverse outcomes.3 The World Health Organization recommends the use of honey to soothe cough in kids older than one year.4 So, what do we do to help children and their parents when no one can sleep because of cough from an upper respiratory infection

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